Floor Cleaning Equipment – Types, Power Source & Function

What an incredible topic. There are so many types (Hard Floors & Carpets), sizes, models, etc. of floor cleaning equipment it is hard to know where to start. But, for the purposes of this first article on this subject, the topic will be a list of the most popular types of floor cleaning equipment, their power source and basic function covering equipment for both the commercial and residential markets.  Cleaning equipment is a critical part of the cleaning process and this is especially true in the commercial market but also the residential market. They are a critical component of the cleaning process because of the four basic requirements to clean. They are as follows:

  1. Dwell Time
  2. Agitation
  3. Chemical
  4. Temperature

Floor cleaning equipment for the most part provides the number 2 basic component to cleaning which is AGITATION. Without agitation, cleaning would be far more difficult to perform and the additional manual labor would make it extremely costly and burdensome from a fatigue factor for the user. The introduction of floor cleaning equipment dramatically reduces fatigue and increases the performance of the cleaning process and results, making these types of cleaning equipment an integral component of the task.

There is also cleaning equipment that is designed with the environment in mind that can be considered “Green”. These types of cleaning equipment will be covered in future articles.

 

Floor Cleaning Equipment – Types, Power Source and Function

 

Commercial – Types, Power Source & Function – Most Popular

  • Single Disc Floor Machines
     
    Powered:
    Electric Plug
     
    Function: Operated by small electric motor to scrub and polish floors, ranging in sizes from 13” to 24”.This equipment uses a flat on the floor circular scrubbing actions that employs the use of a floor pad or brush to clean the floor. The floor cleaner must be applied by some sort of manual mop and bucket method.
     
  • Automatic Scrubbers
     
    Powered: Battery or by Electric Plug
     
    Function: Operated by small electric motor to apply the cleaning solution, scrub the floor using a flat on the floor circular action, and using a squeegee and vacuum picks up the cleaning solution in one step. These units normally range in sizes from 20” to 60”, with the smaller widths for walk behind machines and the larger widths for ride on machines. This equipment can be used with a floor pad or brush to clean the floor.
     
  • Steam and/or High Pressure Equipment
    • Industrial – Powered by Gas or Propane
       
  • Vacuums
    • Dry
      • Upright
         
        Powered: Electric Plug
         
        Function: Operated by small electric motor to vacuum dry loose debris from the floor or carpeting. Some units come with a beater brush while others do not. The system is simple and effective for removing loose debris such as dust, sand, grit, etc. These units all have some type of bag or catch container to collect the debris which can then be discarded in the trash. The vacuums can normally range in size from 12’ to 20”.
         
      • Tank
         
        Powered: Electric Plug
         
        Function: Operated by small electric motor to vacuum dry loose debris from the floor or carpeting. Some units come with a beater brush while others do not. The system is simple and effective for removing loose debris such as dust, sand, grit, etc. These units all have some type of bag or catch container to collect the debris which can then be discarded in the trash. The vacuums can normally range in size from 12’ to 20”. The difference with this unit employs a wand that attaches to a power head with a hose connecting to the vacuum unit.
          
      • Backpack
         
        Powered: Electric Plug
         
        Function: Operated by small electric motor to vacuum dry loose debris from the floor or carpeting. Some units come with a beater brush while others do not. The system is simple and effective for removing loose debris such as dust, sand, grit, etc. These units all have some type of bag or catch container to collect the debris which can then be discarded in the trash. The vacuums can normally range in size from 12’ to 20”. The difference with this unit is it has straps that the operator uses to carry the unit on his or hers back and employs a wand that attaches to a power head with a hose connecting to the vacuum unit. These units are effective when covering a large area and in tight confined spaces.
         
    • Wet
      • Tank
         
        Powered: Electric Plug
         
        Function: Operated by small electric motor to vacuum wet cleaning solution or wet soils and water from the floor. The system is simple and effective for removing wet substances using a squeegee head at eh end of a wand or one that is attached directly to the vacuum. Wet vacuums normally range in size from 12’ to 20” and a recovery capacity of 10 to 25 gallons.
         
  • Specialty
    • Grout Cleaning
       
      Powered: Electric Plug
       
      Function: Operated by small electric motor to scrub and polish floors, ranging in sizes from 12” to 20”.This equipment uses a cylindrical brush that rotates and because the brush is cylindrical, it is able to scrub deep into the grout lines of ceramic and stone floors. The floor cleaner must be applied by some sort of manual mop and bucket method.
       
    • Floor Sweepers – Powered: Manually or Electric Plug
       
    • Carpet Sweepers
       
      Powered: Battery
       
      Function: Operated by small electric motor to rotate sweeper brushes attached to the unit in the front of the machine which sweeps dry loose debris from the floor or carpeting. The system is simple and effective for removing loose debris such as dust, sand, grit, etc. but is not as effective as a vacuum. These units all have some type of hopper or catch container to collect the debris which can then be discarded in the trash. The sweepers normally range in size from 18” to 24”. They are used for large areas where electric plugs are not readily available.

 

Residential – Types, Power Source & Function

Commercial units may be used in residential locations but most of them are impractical due to their size and the cost of the units

  • Steam Equipment
    • Steam
       
      Powered: Electric Plug
       
      Function: Heats water in a reservoir to create steam which then flows from the unit to a wand or head that applies the steam to the area to be cleaned. These normally used in bathrooms on ceramic and stone floors but can also be used to clean other surfaces that are safe for steam and hot water. Steam is a very effective way to clean and provides a hygienic approach to cleaning.
       
  • Vacuums
    • Dry
      • Upright
         
        Powered: Electric Plug
         
        Function: Operated by small electric motor to vacuum dry loose debris from the floor or carpeting. Some units come with a beater brush while others do not. The system is simple and effective for removing loose debris such as dust, sand, grit, etc. These units all have some type of bag or catch container to collect the debris which can then be discarded in the trash. The vacuums can normally range in size from 12’ to 20”.
         
      • Tank
         
        Powered: Electric Plug
         
        Function: Operated by small electric motor to vacuum dry loose debris from the floor or carpeting. Some units come with a beater brush while others do not. The system is simple and effective for removing loose debris such as dust, sand, grit, etc. These units all have some type of bag or catch container to collect the debris which can then be discarded in the trash. The vacuums can normally range in size from 12’ to 20”. The difference with this unit employs a wand that attaches to a power head with a hose connecting to the vacuum unit.
         
    • Wet
      • Tank
         
        Powered: Electric Plug
         
        Function: Operated by small electric motor to vacuum wet cleaning solution or wet soils and water from the floor. The system is simple and effective for removing wet substances using a squeegee head at the end of a wand or one that is attached directly to the vacuum. Wet vacuums normally range in size from 12’ to 20” and a recovery capacity of 5 to 20 gallons.
         
  • Specialty
    • Floor Sweepers
       
      Powered: Manual
       
      Function: The manual units employ mechanical action of a beater brush that sweeps dry loose debris from the floor or carpeting and places it into a hopper or collector pan where it can then be discarded into the trash. The system is simple and effective for removing loose debris such as dust, sand, grit, etc. but is not as effective as a vacuum. These units can also be used on carpeting. The floor sweepers are great for quick touch up cleaning. The sweepers normally range in size from 12” to 16”.

Leave a Reply